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Thank you all participants and speakers ! The 6th Annual Entrepreneurship as Practice Online Conference and Early Career Symposium was SUCCESS!
You can find all the videos of the online conference on the media center of HOME page

PhD and Early Career Symposium: 9th April 2021 (@16:00-19:00 CET)

Research Conference: 16th, 23rd, and 30th April 2021 (@16:00-19:00 CET)


The 6th version of this conference will be online and aims to advance our understanding of entrepreneurship-as-practice, foster network ties, facilitate collaborative writing relationships, and build a strong community of practice scholars. To do so, we have developed an online Research Conference and PhD Symposium to educate and connect interested scholars and to develop empirical and conceptual papers regarding the ‘practice turn’ taking place in entrepreneurship studies. 





The practice tradition (also known as practice-based studies, the practice approach or the practice lens) in the social sciences forefronts the notion that practices and their connections are fundamental to the ontology of all social phenomena (Rouse, 2006; Schatzki, Knorr-Cetina, & Savigny, 2001). Ventures, firms or startups, in this view, are not ontologically separate phenomena from the performance of everyday, materially accomplished and ordered practices (Chalmers & Shaw, 2017; Hill, 2018; Johannisson, 2011; Vincent & Pagan, 2019). This is to say that no description or explanation of features of entrepreneurial life—such as, recognizing, evaluating and exploiting opportunities—is possible without the ‘alternate’ description and explanation of how entrepreneurial life is actually lived in and through practices (Gross, Carson, & Jones, 2014; Keating, Geiger, & Mcloughlin, 2013). The term ‘practice’, therefore, does not refer to an ‘empty’ conceptual category of ‘what entrepreneurs think and do’ (Sklaveniti & Steyaert, 2019), but encompasses the meaning-making, identity-forming and order-producing interactions (Chia & Holt, 2006; Nicolini, 2009) enacted by multiple entrepreneurial practitioners and situated in specific (historical) conditions. Therefore, practice theories orient entrepreneurship scholars to take seriously the practices of entrepreneuring as they unfold and are experienced in real-time rather than as they are remembered, or interpreted. Simply put, practice scholars are concerned with the ‘nitty-gritty’ work of entrepreneuring—all the meetings, the talking, the selling, the form-filling and the number-crunching by which opportunities actually get enacted (Matthews, Chalmers, & Fraser, 2018; Whittington, 1996). This comes with considerable ontological, theoretical and methodological implications which will be addressed during the Conference and PhD Symposium.  


For background and information on EaP literature, prior conferences, media and other pertinent materials, please go to:



April 9th (@16:00-19:00 CET) will be the PhD and Early Career Symposium (@16:00-19:00 CET). PhD candidates and early career scholars who wish to meet likeminded scholars and network with senior scholars should attend. Participants will be able to ask questions about EaP, meet and discuss ideas for research as well as further discuss their own research objectives. This session is free of charge and participants do not need a paper to join. Please see below to register. 

The Conference will be held over three full days, 16th, 23rd, and 30th April 2021 (@16:00-19:00 CET). 

April 16th (@16:00-19:00 CET) will include a keynote talk by Dr. Sara Elias and her experience publishing an article in Organization Studies that uses practice theories. We will also have breakout rooms to allow for participants to discuss ideas. This session is open to anyone who registers (do not need a paper in PDW), please see below.  Zoom links will be sent after registration.

April 23rd (@16:00-19:00 CET)will include a keynote by Dr. Katja Hydle and Dr. Betsy Campbell, who have both made theoretical contributions to the study of entrepreneurship from a practice theory perspective. Katja Maria Hydle has used, leaned on and engaged with practice theories in her research and publications, specifically Schatzki’s practice theory. In this talk, she will expose different ways of engaging with practice theory in papers, and highlight various types of contributions in relation to theoretical merits and domain specificity such as entrepreneurship and strategy. We will also have breakout rooms to allow for participants to discuss ideas. This session is open to anyone who registers (do not need a paper in PDW), please see below. Zoom links will be sent after registration.

April 30th (@16:00-19:00 CET) will be the Paper Development Workshop. To be admitted to the PDW day, you need to have a paper accepted. All those are interested to attend the PDW should submit an abstract (of approximately 1,000 words) by February 15th, 2021 to


We welcome papers for the PDW day that employ theories of practice to understand a wide array of entrepreneurship phenomena.  Potential, although not exclusive, topics that may be addressed include:

Theoretical Challenges:

  • What are the differences between the individualism, structuralism and practice traditions of entrepreneurship research? 

  • How is the process approach to entrepreneurship (entrepreneuring) similar to and different from practice approach? 

  • How are entrepreneurial behaviour theories (discover, creation, effectuation, bricolage) similar and different than practice-based theories?

  • How can we carve out insights and theories without the traditional aim of reification and generalization, given practice theories’ phenomenological roots?

  • How can we theoretically cope with the enormous diversity of practices in which entrepreneurship is implicated?

  • How can entrepreneurship studies help to theorize the reproduction and transformation of practical knowledge?

  • How can we incorporate embodiment and sociomateriality into our understanding of practices related to entrepreneurship?

  • How can an EaP perspective rejuvenate our thinking about traditional entrepreneurship related topics of innovating, creating opportunities, networking, venturing, strategizing, financing and organizing? What is the value of existing theoretical frameworks of practice for entrepreneurship research, and when should we employ or go beyond them? 

  • (How) are EaP contributions critical?


Methodological and Empirical Challenges:

  • How does one begin an EaP study, such as selecting and entering a site for observation?

  • As theories of practice guide us to study the real-time and unique instances of practices related to entrepreneurship, how can we observe, analyse and theorize about these unique instances, whilst still accounting for their relations to other practices?

  • What are some common research questions that can be formulated and answered using an EaP perspective, and which practice theory is appropriate for which research questions in entrepreneurship?

  • How can one catalogue and rigorously analyse large amounts of video-based ethnographic data?

  • What can we methodologically learn from the history of the Strategy as Practice (SaP) community? 


Important Dates:

February 15, 2021                                       Abstract Submission Due to Join PDW day only (held 30 April)            February 22, 2021                                       Notification of Acceptance to PDW day only (held 30 April)

April 1, 2021                                                 Registration Deadline for all conference days and PhD Symposium 

April 9th (@16:00-19:00 CET)                   PhD and Early Career Symposium

April 16th, 2021                                           Full Paper Submission Deadline (for PDW day only, held 30 April)

April 16th (@16:00-19:00 CET)                 Publishing EaP research in top journals with Dr. Sara Elias

April 23rd (@16:00-19:00 CET)                 Theoretical advances in EaP with Dr. Katja Hydle and Dr. Betsy Campbell

April 30th  (@16:00-19:00 CET)                Paper Development Workshop (by acceptance only)



Conference Fees:

April 9th (PhD and Early Career Symposium) - no cost 

April 16th - 45 Euros

April 23rd - 45 Euros

April 30th - no cost 



Please click to register




  • Chalmers, D. M., & Shaw, E. (2017). The endogenous construction of entrepreneurial contexts: A practice-based perspective. International Small Business Journal: Researching Entrepreneurship, 35(1), 19–39.

  • Chia, R., & Holt, R. (2006). Strategy as Practical Coping: A Heideggerian Perspective. Organization Studies , 27(5), 635–655.

  • Gross, N., Carson, D., & Jones, R. (2014). Beyond rhetoric: re-thinking entrepreneurial marketing from a practice perspective. Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship, 16(2), 105–127.

  • Hill, I. (2018). How did you get up and running? Taking a Bourdieuan perspective towards a framework for negotiating strategic fit. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 1–35.

  • Johannisson, B. (2011). Towards a practice theory of entrepreneuring. Small Business Economics, 36(2), 135–150.

  • Keating, A., Geiger, S., & Mcloughlin, D. (2013). Riding the Practice Waves: Social Resourcing Practices During New Venture Development. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 38(5), 1–29.

  • Matthews, R. S., Chalmers, D. M., & Fraser, S. S. (2018). The intersection of entrepreneurship and selling: An interdisciplinary review, framework, and future research agenda. Journal of Business Venturing, In Press.

  • Nicolini, D. (2009). Zooming in and out: studying practices by switching theoretical lenses and trailing connections. Organization Studies, 30(12), 1391–1418.

  • Rouse, J. (2006). Practice theory. In D. M. Gabbay, P. Thagard, & J. Woods (Eds.), Handbook of the Philosophy of Science (Vol. 15, pp. 500–540). Elsevier.

  • Schatzki, T., Knorr-Cetina, K., & Savigny, E. von. (2001). The practice turn in contemporary theory. (T. R. Schatzki, K. Knorr-Cetina, & E. von Savigny, Eds.). London: Routledge.

  • Sklaveniti, C., & Steyaert, C. (2019). Reflecting with Pierre Bourdieu: Towards a reflexive outlook for practice-based studies of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, (forthcoming), 1–21.

  • Vincent, S., & Pagan, V. (2019). Entrepreneurial agency and field relations: A Realist Bourdieusian Analysis. Human Relations, 72(2), 188–216.

  • Whittington, R. (1996). Strategy as practice. Long Range Planning, 29(5), 731–735.


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